Shanghai Yangpu: "industrial rust belt" plug in "transformation" wings

People, Shao Shao

In December 2018 06, 09:03 source: 138479.xyz - green channel
 

Shanghai, Yangpu, with 15.5 kilometers of platinum Huangpu River shoreline, tributary of the Huangpu River runs through the north and south border district Yangshupu Hong Kong, Yangpu is based on the evolution of the name.

There are hundreds of years of civilization, hundred years of industrial civilization, a hundred years of municipal civilization, once was called "industrial rust belt". After 10 years of continuous transformation, constantly optimize the industrial structure of Yangpu District regional economic development, improve the quality of the ecological environment has been greatly improved.

Live in Yangshupu Hong Kong next to Mr. Yang said, before the garbage everywhere, the river looks a little cloudy. Now is not the same, not only in recent years the river becomes clear, the river bank also increased the number of public facilities, the overall look is very beautiful, every evening stroll here a particularly large number of people, the elderly, streams of people busily coming and going.

The industrial rust belt of the transformation of the pain"

Here was the birthplace of the modern industrial Chinese, born China first in the history of tap water plant and gas plant, thermal power plant. After the founding of the 30 years of time, the annual industrial area Yangshupu created taxes accounted for 1/6 of Shanghai, accounting for 1/36 of the country.

However, the price is heavy. "No way, we Yangpu Binjiang this area, then what the industry has, Shanghai chemical plant, Yangshupu coal power plant in Yangpu Binjiang area, water plants, power plants are gathered here, all coal-fired power. Emissions of sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxides, coal-fired to air environmental pollution is very serious. At that time, one month down, tonnage of road dust can reach 24.8 tons, a white shirt one day have to change, otherwise this collar is black." Yangpu District Environmental Protection Bureau Zhao Yang said.

In 90s, Shanghai implemented a new round of industrial structure adjustment. Yangpu District focus on promoting to forging electroplating, non-ferrous metal, textile, chemical etc. "two high and one low" (high energy consumption, high pollution and low value-added enterprises) adjustment, completely shutting down the relocation, leave space development industry.

Yangpu suffered a painful transformation. Deputy director of the district development and Reform Commission Jiang Qin said that Yangpu District had gathered a lot of large and medium-sized state-owned enterprises, industry after the adjustment from the original industrial output accounted for 25% of Shanghai to Shanghai accounted for the entire 3%. At the same time, with numerous contradictions and problems, workers re employment, Industrial Hollowing, the problem of urban transformation, to Yangpu has brought hitherto unknown pressure. Due to the rapid decline of industrial and factory closures, the unemployment rate increased and the idle equipment rusty, aptly called "rust belt". Once the industrial base, has become a "industrial rust belt".

The original Yangshupu gas factory (Yangpu District Environmental Protection Bureau for map)

The original development model is not sustainable, the transformation and upgrading of Yangpu did not retreat is represent the general trend.

"We do not bloody GDP, not high pollution enterprises GDP, principle of heavy pollution are down." Zhao Yang said, before the Yangpu District river pollution is very serious, but in recent years the river governance under a lot of effort. In May this year, black smelly water ecological environment inspection, Yangpu District 4 black smelly water all eliminate black odor, in October the black smelly water "look back", the overall implementation of standards. The area along the river is basically all of the sewage outfall shut down, not a straight row of enterprises.

During the "11th Five-Year", "12th Five-Year", completed a total of 80 industrial restructuring projects ("three high and one low" shut down the relocation of the pollutant emissions), significantly reduced the amount of. In 2017, the number of key industrial enterprises in environmental statistics decreased from 87 in 2006 to 24, sulfur dioxide emissions by 99.8%, nitrogen oxide emissions by 98.8%, COD reduction 91.9%, ammonia nitrogen reduction of 65.4%.

"Seventeen cotton" turned "beauty"

Shanghai's textile industry has a long history, once is Shanghai's main industry. Shanghai international fashion center was Shanghai seventeenth cotton textile factory (seventeen cotton), located in Yangshupu Road No. 2866, its predecessor is the early Japanese mill, opened in Shanghai in large scale, known as the "Dachang million people".

In 90s, due to high pollution and high energy consumption industry, many textile enterprises or re construction in the field, or to dismiss workers closed, gradually withdraw from Shanghai. "Seventeen cotton" because of too big, to be the last one out of the city center of cotton textile manufacturing enterprises.

Shanghai seventeenth cotton textile factory (Yangpu District Environmental Protection Bureau for map)

In view of the transformation of the old industrial base after the remains of a large number of old plant resources, the district government put forward the concept of innovation and development of science and technology innovation and combination of city renewal, through the consolidation of land resources, protection of historical old buildings, promote the integration of old and new, focus on creating "Changyang Chong Valley", "Internet treasure", "Shanghai international the fashion center" and a number of "old industrial transformation + new economic agglomeration" old building renovation project, formed a unique ecological system of innovation and entrepreneurship.

In 2009, Shanghai Textile Group officially on seventeen cotton transformation project of the project, the seventeen cotton factory location for fashion industry. Considering the architectural beauty and its unique historical value, "the renovation scheme of seventeen cotton" was established to preserve the principle in the early stage. Have the protection of humanistic value of the building are all preserved, only the demolition of nearly 30 thousand square meters do not have historical and cultural value of the "illegal construction".

Now, after the successful transition from the Shanghai international fashion center of the old factory, a total construction area of 130 thousand square meters, with fashion as the core, the hundred years of architectural history connotation and modern fashion culture cleverly combines up, attracted a large number of tourists.

After the cotton factory turned fashion center, the surrounding environment is getting better. Who lives near Ms. Wu, who was born in Shanghai, she said, before Yangpu gathered a lot of factories, the time on both sides of the road looks is gray, the leaves covered with ash. Now, not only the surrounding environment improved, also attracted a lot of people come here to consumption and entertainment, every day is very busy, People are hurrying to and fro., overall environment, atmosphere and the former completely different.

Shanghai International Fashion Center (Wang Shaoshao photo)

"The international fashion center is designed to provide a place of entertainment, fashion, fashion consumption experience to the public." The fashion center responsible person said.

When college students Xu Youkong often and friends together to play international fashion center. She said, this fashionable atmosphere is very strong, fun things everything, also as an art area, the overall architectural style is very retro, not only can the consumption and entertainment, but also make people feel the historical characteristics of Shanghai.

Environmental protection benefit"

Yangpu District environment, economic development will fall.

"Yangpu District Yangshupu Hong Kong is a very important channel, next to the original dirty, these years we invested a lot of cost to improve the environment, build a water platform, now is very beautiful, the residents can take a walk along the river bank, next to a lot of innovative enterprises." Zhao Yang said, the environment is good, so the more attractive to enterprises will.

People walk in the Yangpu Binjiang water platform (Wang Shaoshao photo)

Deputy director of the Yangpu District planning and Land Management Bureau Zhu Xiaojun said, Yangpu District city development planning outstanding people-oriented, respect for nature, historical heritage, green low-carbon concept, the integration of wetlands, parks, squares, waterfront space elements, taking into account the history of architectural style, combined with the theme of green development, re planning and development comprehensive.

Renaissance island is the only enclosed inland island in Pujiang, has a very unique natural and geographical conditions, yet the development and construction. Yangpu District leaders have said that the revival of island development will not easily start, must wait until the conditions are ripe to develop. Zhao Yang said that the development and transformation can be a little slow, did not see the firm does not move, the environment is not replicated, first of all to the Yangpu District overall good environmental governance, which is from another aspect for the development of the economy of space.

Yangpu has its unique advantages. Zhao Yang said, the region gathered a number of colleges and universities, Fudan University, Tongji University and Shanghai University of Finance and Economics are located here, is the largest education base in Shanghai, which support the development of Yangpu District's transformation to a great extent, knowledge economy advantages play the most incisive.

In 2000, the district government proposed the "two support", relying on universities, relying on large and medium-sized state-owned enterprises to realize the transformation of urban development, from the beginning of the "industrial Yangpu" to "Yangpu knowledge" and "innovative Yangpu" transformation.

The southern section of Yangpu Binjiang (Wang Shaoshao photo)

Jiang Qin said, Yangpu District has been the construction of ecological civilization as an important way to change the mode of economic development and the mode of innovation development, to environmental heroes. From 2011 to 2017, the energy consumption of the whole area per unit of GDP decreased by 30%, exceeding the target, economic development and energy consumption continues to decline. Through the adjustment of the "three high and one low" enterprises, the energy consumption of the whole region fell by nearly 240 thousand tons, up 1 million 370 thousand square meters of land, for the future development of the industry to further open up space.

In the beautiful scenery of the attention at the same time, the economic development of Yangpu is not left behind. "Since 12th Five-Year", fiscal revenue growth is always in the forefront of Yangpu District of Shanghai city center. In 2017 GDP of 170 billion 319 million yuan, modern design, advanced intelligent manufacturing, big data, artificial intelligence, block chain, cultural creativity, new energy and other "two priorities" (intelligence intensive service industry and strategic emerging industry) industry to increase the value of the average annual growth rate remained above 15%, the first half of 2018, the proportion of the added value reached 15.1:84.3 Yangpu District second, third industry, compared with 12th Five-Year early three production accounted for an increase of 7.8 percentage points.

At present, Yangpu District has formed a large, small and medium-sized enterprises symbiosis agglomeration good ecological system development, SIEMENS, Nike, Henkel, Germany, Lear, AECOM, a large number of multinational companies, R & D center in institutions. At the same time, the region has more than 7600 small and medium-sized enterprises, various types of capital market (listed) the number of enterprises reached 98.

The Ministry of Education Secretary Gao Huixia said that the ecological environment, the relationship between environmental protection and economic development, in the final analysis of the relationship between man and nature, the successful transformation of Yangpu District proved that the environment and the economy can be coordinated development, protect the environment is to protect productivity, improve the environment is to develop productive forces. This thing should be environmental protection by everyone, make efforts together for the blue sky.

(commissioning editor Wang Shaoshao and He Yingchun)