Yangpu, Shanghai: "industrial rust belt" has the wings of "transformation"

Wang Shao Shao, the people's net


Yangpu, Shanghai, has a 15.5 kilometer long white gold coastline along the Huangpu River. The Huangpu River tributary Yangpu Port runs through the north and south of the border, and Yangpu is named after this evolution.

Here is a century of University civilization, a century of industrial civilization, a hundred years of municipal civilization, once known as "industrial rust belt". After more than 10 years of continuous transformation, Yangpu District's industrial structure has been constantly optimized, the quality of regional economic development has been continuously improved, and the ecological environment has also been greatly improved.

Mr. Yang, who lives next to Yangshu Pu port, said that before the river, garbage could be seen everywhere, and the whole river looked cloudy. Now it is different. In recent years, not only the river has become clear, but also many public facilities have been added along the river bank. The whole looks very beautiful. There are so many people walking around here every day. The old people and children are bustling.

"Industrial rust belt" transformation of "pain"

It was the birthplace of modern Chinese industry and the first water plant, gas plant and thermal power plant in Chinese history. In the 30 years after the founding of the PRC, the annual profits and taxes created by Yangshu PU industry accounted for 1/6 of Shanghai's total, accounting for 1/36 of the country's total.

However, the cost of environment is also heavy. "There is no way, we Binjiang Yangpu this area, then what industries have, Shanghai chemical plant, Yangshu Pu coal power plant in Yangpu Binjiang area, water works, power plants are also gathered here, are big coal burning households. Sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides emissions are very large, and the pollution caused by coal combustion to the atmosphere is very serious. At that time, the tonnage of road dust can reach 24.8 tons a month, and a white shirt must be replaced one day, otherwise the collar will be black. Zhao Yang, director of environmental protection in Yangpu District, said.

In the 90s of last century, Shanghai implemented a new round of industrial restructuring. Yangpu District will focus on promoting the adjustment of "two high and one low" (high energy consumption, high pollution and low added value) enterprises, such as forging electroplating, non-ferrous metals, textile and chemical industry, and completely shutting down the relocation, leaving room for industrial development.

Yangpu has suffered from a transformation. Jiang Qin, deputy director of the Yangpu District development and Reform Commission, said that the large number of large and medium-sized state-owned enterprises had gathered in Yangpu District. After the industrial adjustment, the industrial output value was adjusted from 25% of Shanghai to 3% of the total. At the same time, a large number of contradictions and problems followed. Workers' re employment, industrial hollowing and urban transformation have brought unprecedented pressure to Yangpu. Because of the rapid decline of industry, the closure of factories and the increase of unemployment rate, the idle equipment is rusty, which is known as "rust belt" by people. The former industrial base turned into an industrial rust belt.

Original Yangpu Pu gas plant (Yangpu District Environmental Protection Bureau for map)

The original development mode is not sustainable, and transformation and upgrading are the general trend. Yangpu has no way out.

"We do not want to bring blood GDP, not high pollution GDP, heavy polluting enterprises in principle are shut down and turn around." Zhao Yang said that in the past, the pollution of the river course in Yangpu District was very serious, but in the past few years, a lot of efforts have been made in the management of the river. In May of this year, the Ministry of ecology and environment inspecting black and odorous water bodies eliminated all 4 black and odorous water bodies in Yangpu District, and the black and odorous water bodies in October turned back to the standards. Basically all the sewage outlets in the river area have been shut down, and no enterprise has been directly discharged.

During the "11th Five-Year" and "12th Five-Year" period, a total of 80 industrial restructuring projects were completed (the "three high one low" shutdown), and the amount of pollutants discharged decreased significantly. In 2017, the number of key industrial enterprises incorporating environmental statistics decreased from 87 in 2006 to 24, sulfur dioxide emissions were reduced by 99.8%, nitrogen oxides emissions were cut by 98.8%, chemical oxygen demand was reduced by 91.9%, ammonia nitrogen was cut by 65.4%.

The "beauty" of the transformation of "Seventeen cotton"

Shanghai's textile industry has a long history and was once the most important industry in Shanghai. Shanghai international fashion center was once the Shanghai seventeenth Cotton Textile General Factory ("Seventeen cotton"), located at No. 2866, Yang Shu Pu Road. Its predecessor was the early Japanese cotton mill set up in Shanghai. It was called "ten thousand people factory".

In the 90s of last century, because of the high pollution and high energy consumption industries, many textile enterprises or re building factories in the field, or the demobilized workers were closed down and quit Shanghai. "Seventeen cotton" is too large to become the last cotton textile manufacturing enterprise withdrawing from the central city.

Original Shanghai seventeenth cotton textile mill (Yangpu District EPA for map)

In view of the large number of old factory resources left behind after the transformation of old industrial bases, the district and district governments have put forward the idea of innovation and development combined with scientific and technological innovation and urban renewal. Through consolidation of land resources, protection of the historical features of old factories, the integration of new and old industries has been promoted, and a number of old plant transformation projects including "Changyang Valley", "interconnection treasure land" and "Shanghai international fashion center" have been built, forming a unique innovation and entrepreneurship ecosystem.

In 2009, Shanghai Textile Group officially launched the project of "Seventeen cotton" transformation project, and positioned the "Seventeen cotton" plant as a fashion industry. Taking into account the aesthetic sense of architecture and its unique historical value, the "Seventeen cotton" renovation and reconstruction scheme established the principle of reservation in the early stage. The buildings with humanistic protection value were all preserved, and only about 30 thousand square meters of illegal buildings without historical and cultural value were removed.

Today, after the successful transformation of the hundred years old factory, the Shanghai international fashion center has a total construction area of 130 thousand square meters. With the fashion as the core, the historical connotation of the Centennial architecture and the cultural background of modern fashion are skillfully integrated, attracting many tourists.

After the cotton mill transformed into the fashion center, the surrounding environment gradually improved. Ms. Wu, who lives near Shanghai, is a native of Yangpu. She said that many factories had been gathered in the past. At that time, both sides of the road looked gray and the leaves were covered with ashes. Now, not only the surrounding environment has improved, but also attracted many people to come here to spend and entertain. Every day people come and go, it is very lively, the overall environment and atmosphere are completely different from before.

Shanghai International Fashion Center (Photo by Wang Shaoshao)

"The purpose of the international fashion center is to provide the public with a place for entertainment, fashion and fashion." Fashion Center official said.

Xu Youkong, a college student, often played with his friends in the international fashion center. She said that the fashionable atmosphere is very strong, and there are all kinds of interesting things. At the same time, it is also like an art district. The overall architectural style is very retro. It can not only consume and entertain, but also make people feel the historical characteristics of Shanghai.

The "benefit" of environmental protection

Yangpu District's environment has been improved and its economic development has been declining.

"Yangshu Pu port is a very important river in Yangpu District. It was very dirty next to it. In recent years, we have invested a lot of money to improve the environment here and create a hydrophilic platform. Now it is very beautiful. Residents can walk along the river bank, and there are many innovative enterprises coming in." Zhao Yang said that improving the environment will make enterprises more attractive.

Citizens walk on the hydrophilic platform in Binjiang, Yangpu (Photo by Wang Shaoshao)

Zhu Xiaojun, deputy director of the Yangpu District planning and Land Administration Bureau, said that Yangpu District's urban development plan emphasizes the concept of people-oriented, respecting nature, inheriting history and green and low carbon, integrating elements such as wetlands, parks, squares, waterfront space, taking into account the style of historic buildings, and combining with the theme of green development, and then carrying out comprehensive planning and development.

Fuxing island is the only closed inland island in Pujiang with unique natural and geographical conditions. So far, it has not been built yet. Yangpu District leaders have said that the development of Fuxing island will not be easy to start, and must wait until the conditions are ripe for further development. Zhao Yang said that development and transformation can be slower, and do not want to understand firmly and firmly, the environment can not be duplicated. First of all, we should improve the overall environment of Yangpu District, which is also a space for economic development from another aspect.

Yangpu has its unique advantages. Zhao Yang said that many colleges and universities were gathered in the area. Fudan University, Tongji University and Shanghai University of Finance and Economics are located here. It is the largest educational base in Shanghai. This largely supports the transformation and development of Yangpu District, and the advantage of knowledge economy has been brought into full play.

In 2000, the district government put forward the "two support", relying on universities and relying on large and medium-sized state-owned enterprises to realize the transformation and development of urban areas, and began the transformation from "industrial Yangpu" to "knowledge Yangpu" and then to "innovation Yangpu".

Binjiang, south of Yangpu (Photo by Wang Shaoshao)

Jiang Qin said that Yangpu District has always regarded the construction of ecological civilization as an important way to transform the mode of economic development and innovative development. From 2011 to 2017, the energy consumption of the whole area GDP decreased by 30%, exceeding the target, and the energy consumption continued to decline at the same time of economic development. By adjusting the "three high and one low" enterprises, the energy consumption of the whole region has dropped by nearly 240 thousand tons, leaving 1 million 370 thousand square meters of land, making room for further industrial development in the future.

While paying attention to green water and green hills, Yangpu's economic development has not fallen behind. Since 12th Five-Year, Yangpu's regional fiscal revenue growth has always been at the forefront of Shanghai's central city. In 2017, the gross domestic product (GNP) was 170 billion 319 million yuan, and the "two priorities" of modern design, advanced intelligent manufacturing, big data, artificial intelligence, block chain, cultural creativity, new energy and so on. The growth rate of industrial added value increased by more than 15% annually. In the first half of 2018, the proportion of added value of second, third industries in Yangpu District reached 15.1:84.3. Compared with the beginning of 12th Five-Year, the proportion of three industries increased by 7.8 percentage points.

At present, Yangpu District has formed a good ecosystem of symbiotic complementarity and agglomeration development of large and medium-sized enterprises. SIEMENS, Germany, mainland China, Nike, Henkel, Lear, AECOM and a large number of multinational enterprises headquarters and R & D centers have settled down. At the same time, there are more than 7600 science and technology SMEs in the region, and the number of Listed Companies in various capital markets has reached 98.

Gao Huixia, Minister of propaganda and education of the Ministry of ecology and environment, said that the relationship between environmental protection and economic development, in the final analysis, is the relationship between man and nature. The successful transformation of Yangpu District also proves that the environment and economy can be coordinated development. Protecting the environment means protecting the productive forces, and improving the environment is developing the productive forces. Environmental protection should be done by all of us together to make efforts for clear water and blue sky.

(Editor: Wang Shaoshao, He Yingchun)